The Small Business Administration (“SBA”) issued an update to its “Frequently Asked Questions for Lenders and Borrowers for the Paycheck Protection Program,” adding question #46 and the response, which is recited below.  For PPP loans of less than $2 million, the borrower will be “deemed to have made the required certification concerning the necessity of

In addition to certain entities, independent contractors, sole proprietors and “eligible self-employed individuals” may be eligible to apply for a Paycheck Protection Program loan under the CARES Act.

What is an eligible self-employed individual? It is important to note that the statute did not refer to “self-employed individuals” which would have been very easy for

Merger Dictionary Definition Word Combine Companies Businesses

Recent cases have highlighted the importance of seller contractually protecting and retaining ownership over communications that, pre-closing, are subject to the attorney-client privilege.  The absence of such language in a merger or asset/stock purchase agreement can lead a court to conclude that such communications are owned by the buyer/surviving corporation.

Such was the result in

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On Thursday, May 5, 2016, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) issued a notice of proposed rules that would fundamentally change the way certain businesses contract with consumers.  Among other actions, the proposed rule would eliminate class action waivers from pre-dispute arbitration clauses and agreements for certain businesses.  The announcement of the proposed rule was

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Beginning September 1, 2014, the American Arbitration Association (“AAA”) will require that any business using or intending to use the AAA rules in a consumer contract register the arbitration clause with the AAA. Upon submitting the clause, the AAA will review it for “material compliance” with the AAA’s due process standards contained in its Consumer

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The use of standard form terms and conditions, without a signed contract, often leads to disputes over whether the parties actually agreed to be bound by such terms and conditions, as was the case in Shelter Mutual Insurance Co. v. Rimkus Consulting Group, Inc. of Louisiana, et al., 2013-1977 (La. 7/1/14). In that case,

The Supreme Court of Louisiana, in Ogea v. Merritt, 2013 WL 6439355 (La. 12/10/13), provided guidance regarding the personal liability of members of an LLC, reversing a lower court decision and finding a member of an LLC not personally liable for damages resulting from that member’s performance of a contract in the name of the LLC.

Travis Merritt, the sole member of Merritt Construction, LLC, signed a contract with Mary Ogea to build a home on an undeveloped parcel of land owned by Ms. Ogea. After problems with the foundation became apparent, Ms. Ogea filed suit against the LLC and against Mr. Merritt individually. Following trial, the district court rendered judgment against both Mr. Merritt, personally, and the LLC “in solido” for various items of damages. The district court found that Mr. Merritt personally performed some of the foundation work and failed to properly supervise the subcontractor who actually poured the concrete, providing grounds for Mr. Merritt’s personal liability. The court of appeal affirmed, but the Supreme Court then granted a writ to address the extent of the limitation of liability afforded to a member of an LLC.


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